Matching Fund by Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia (KPT)

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group1_project_leader

PROJECT LEADER

Name:Dr. Norio Nagao
Designation:Senior Research Fellow
Affiliation:Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Institute of Bioscience, UPM
Field of Expertise:Environmental technology; Bioreactor engineering, Waste & wastewater treatment
Email:norio.nagao@upm.edu.my

PROJECT TITLE:

Group members’ name:
Prof. Dr. Mohamed Shariff Mohamed Din
Prof. Dr. Fatimah Md Yusoff
Dr. Sanjoy Banerjee
Dr. Nur Leena Wong

Project summary:
In recent years, mass production of photosynthetic microalgae, which has higher photosynthetic efficiencies than terrestrial plant, have been receiving considerable attention as a key technology to produce bio-energy and high value bio-compounds such as DHA, PUFA, -carotene and astaxanthin for use in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. Despite the many advances made over several decades, commercialization of algal biomass remains challenging chiefly because of the techno-economic constraints including the cost of photo-bioreactor, energy expenditure, the source of growth nutrients and labor cost. Although intensive researches which focused on mass production of microalgae as alternative food source have started since 1940s, microalgae production is still less than 0.1% of total world grain production of 25 hundred million tons/year.

The Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology in IBS, UPM has been conducted cooperative research on the development of mass culture of microalgae that includes effective treatment technology of aquaculture waste for recycling nutrient for algae growth with Soka University, Tokyo Japan since 2013. A novel photobioreactor, CRADLE system that can be achieved over 18.8 times higher biomass yield (kg-ds/GJ) compared with conventional open raceway system has been invented and patented in this joint research project. This result raises the possibility that the new system can dramatically reduce the energy consumption in mass production of microalgae.

In this project, in order to develop the sustainable aquaculture industries which combined with integrated microalgae production system, three research topics will be conducted: (1) Production characteristics of high value bio-compounds in indigenous microalgae under stress condition, (2) Optimization of operational conditions in continuous culture of selected high value microalgae by using CRADLE technology, (3) Scale-up study of a novel photobioreactor for mass culture of microalgae.

Related Photos

PROJECT LEADER

Name:Professor Dr Mohd Effendy Abd Wahid
Designation:Senior Professor
Affiliation:School of Fisheries and Aquaculture Sciences
Field of Expertise:Veterinary Immunopathology
Email:effendy@umt.edu.my

PROJECT TITLE: ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF FRESHWATER AND MARINE INDIGENOUS MICROALGAE FROM PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Group members’ name:
Dr Helena Khatoon
Dr. Nor Azman Kasan
Dr. Malinna Jusoh

Project summary:
This research project focus on the isolation and identification of indigenous microalgae species from inland freshwater and marine environment throughout Peninsular Malaysia. The normal growth for each isolated microalgae will be determined. All the data related to the optimal growth of the microalgae species under different conditions of pH, temperature, salinity and nutrients would be analyzed and recorded. This project embarks on the following objectives:

  1. To isolate and purify the freshwater and marine indigenous microalgae from Peninsular Malaysia
  2. To identify the freshwater and marine indigenous microalgae from Peninsular Malaysia
  3. To optimize the growth parameters of freshwater and marine indigenous microalgae for maximum biomass production

Other factors that would enhance certain characteristic of these microalgae will be studied with collaborators from University of Tokyo and Universiti Industri Selangor.

Related Photos

PROJECT LEADER

Name:CHA THYE SAN
Designation:Assoc. Prof. Dr.
Affiliation:Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Universiti Malaysia Terenggnu.
Field of Expertise:Genetics/Molecular Biology
Email:cha_ts@umt.edu.my

PROJECT TITLE: MICROALGAE TRANSCRIPTOMICS FOR LIPIDS ENHANCEMENT

Group members’ name:

    • Prof. Dr. Tengku Sifzizul Bin Tengku Muhammad
    • Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aziz Bin Ahmad
    • Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Shamsudin Ahmad
    • Dr. Loh Saw Hong
    • Dr. Wan Bayani Binti Wan Omar
    • Dr. Wong Li Lian
    • Dr. Malinna Binti Jusoh
    • Teh Kit Yinn (Student)
    • Wan Afifudeen Bin Che Lah @ Abdullah (Student)
    • Nur Syazana Binti Fauzi (Student)

Project summary:
Microalgae grow extremely rapidly and contain significant quantities of fat and oil with compositions similar or far more superior to those of vegetable oil. Under certain stress conditions, microalgae have been reported to contain up to 80% of the dry weight as lipid. More interestingly, the lipids of many microalgae species are rich in essential fatty acids such as linoleic (C18:2n6) and -linolenic (C18:3n3) acids. Nutrient (e.g. nitrate) starvation, salinity and light intensity stress are among major factors that influence the accumulation of oil in microalgae. These factors have been extensively studied for the past few decades in many species of microalgae. However, there is lack of study on the transcriptome of these microalgae cultured under different culture conditions. Thus, the ultimate aim of this research is to use RNA-Seq technology to obtain the transcriptome of selected microalgae under high-oil production and nutrient-induced culture conditions. From the transcriptome data, oil-inducible and nutrient-inducible genes will be identified and their respective promoter will be characterized. This project is expected to generate immense microalgae transcriptome data and knowledge related to oil production and fatty acid biosynthesis in microalgae.

Related Photos

PROJECT LEADER

Name:Prof. Dr Mohd Kushairi Mohd Rajuddin
Designation:Lecturer/Researcher
Affiliation:Laboratory for Marine Bio-Optical Observation, Faculty of Engineering and Life Sciences, UNISEL Malaysia
Field of Expertise:Ecology and Sustainable Development
Email:rkushairi@gmail.com

PROJECT TITLE: ESTABLISHMENT OF SOIL EXTRACTION TECHNIQUES FROM VARIOUS SOIL TYPES IN MALAYSIA TO ENHANCE TARGETED ALGAE GROWTH

Group members’ name:
Prof. (E) Dato’ Dr Abdul Latif Ibrahim (Advisor)
Prof. Dr Sharr Azni Harmin (Research coordinator)
Dr Nobuyuki Kawasaki (Group leader)
Dr Nor Suhaila Yaacob (Group leader)
Dr Dzulkarnain Ahmad (Group leader)
Dr Fridelina Sjahrir
Dr Maegala Maniyam
Dr Saibah Siregar
Emi Fazlina Hashim
Che’ Manisah Mohd Kasim
Mohd Fadzli Ahmad
Hasnu Rizal Zakaria
Sulaiman Abdul Haq Hazman

Project summary:
It has been long known that soil extracts could enhance microalgal growth. The detailed mechanisms how soil extracts enhance microgal growth, however, have not studied well. In this study, we try to collect various soil types from Peninsular Malaysia, extract these soils with different extraction conditions. Then, the extracts are going to be added to microalgal media to examine if they would enhance microalgal growth. Besides the growth enhancement test, the chemical compositions of soil extracts with/without the enhancement will be compared so that the essential components of soil extracts which contribute to the enhancement of microalgal growth could be determined. The fractionation techniques which divide soil extracts into different chemical groups will also be examined, and each fraction will be added to microalgal media to examine if certain fraction(s) could show the enhancement of microalgal growth.

Group 1
group1_project_leader

PROJECT LEADER

Name:Dr. Norio Nagao
Designation:Senior Research Fellow
Affiliation:Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Institute of Bioscience, UPM
Field of Expertise:Environmental technology; Bioreactor engineering, Waste & wastewater treatment
Email:norio.nagao@upm.edu.my

PROJECT TITLE:

Group members’ name:
Prof. Dr. Mohamed Shariff Mohamed Din
Prof. Dr. Fatimah Md Yusoff
Dr. Sanjoy Banerjee
Dr. Nur Leena Wong

Project summary:
In recent years, mass production of photosynthetic microalgae, which has higher photosynthetic efficiencies than terrestrial plant, have been receiving considerable attention as a key technology to produce bio-energy and high value bio-compounds such as DHA, PUFA, -carotene and astaxanthin for use in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. Despite the many advances made over several decades, commercialization of algal biomass remains challenging chiefly because of the techno-economic constraints including the cost of photo-bioreactor, energy expenditure, the source of growth nutrients and labor cost. Although intensive researches which focused on mass production of microalgae as alternative food source have started since 1940s, microalgae production is still less than 0.1% of total world grain production of 25 hundred million tons/year.

The Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology in IBS, UPM has been conducted cooperative research on the development of mass culture of microalgae that includes effective treatment technology of aquaculture waste for recycling nutrient for algae growth with Soka University, Tokyo Japan since 2013. A novel photobioreactor, CRADLE system that can be achieved over 18.8 times higher biomass yield (kg-ds/GJ) compared with conventional open raceway system has been invented and patented in this joint research project. This result raises the possibility that the new system can dramatically reduce the energy consumption in mass production of microalgae.

In this project, in order to develop the sustainable aquaculture industries which combined with integrated microalgae production system, three research topics will be conducted: (1) Production characteristics of high value bio-compounds in indigenous microalgae under stress condition, (2) Optimization of operational conditions in continuous culture of selected high value microalgae by using CRADLE technology, (3) Scale-up study of a novel photobioreactor for mass culture of microalgae.

Related Photos

Group 5

PROJECT LEADER

Name:Professor Dr Mohd Effendy Abd Wahid
Designation:Senior Professor
Affiliation:School of Fisheries and Aquaculture Sciences
Field of Expertise:Veterinary Immunopathology
Email:effendy@umt.edu.my

PROJECT TITLE: ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF FRESHWATER AND MARINE INDIGENOUS MICROALGAE FROM PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Group members’ name:
Dr Helena Khatoon
Dr. Nor Azman Kasan
Dr. Malinna Jusoh

Project summary:
This research project focus on the isolation and identification of indigenous microalgae species from inland freshwater and marine environment throughout Peninsular Malaysia. The normal growth for each isolated microalgae will be determined. All the data related to the optimal growth of the microalgae species under different conditions of pH, temperature, salinity and nutrients would be analyzed and recorded. This project embarks on the following objectives:

  1. To isolate and purify the freshwater and marine indigenous microalgae from Peninsular Malaysia
  2. To identify the freshwater and marine indigenous microalgae from Peninsular Malaysia
  3. To optimize the growth parameters of freshwater and marine indigenous microalgae for maximum biomass production

Other factors that would enhance certain characteristic of these microalgae will be studied with collaborators from University of Tokyo and Universiti Industri Selangor.

Related Photos

Group 6

PROJECT LEADER

Name:CHA THYE SAN
Designation:Assoc. Prof. Dr.
Affiliation:Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Universiti Malaysia Terenggnu.
Field of Expertise:Genetics/Molecular Biology
Email:cha_ts@umt.edu.my

PROJECT TITLE: MICROALGAE TRANSCRIPTOMICS FOR LIPIDS ENHANCEMENT

Group members’ name:

    • Prof. Dr. Tengku Sifzizul Bin Tengku Muhammad
    • Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aziz Bin Ahmad
    • Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Shamsudin Ahmad
    • Dr. Loh Saw Hong
    • Dr. Wan Bayani Binti Wan Omar
    • Dr. Wong Li Lian
    • Dr. Malinna Binti Jusoh
    • Teh Kit Yinn (Student)
    • Wan Afifudeen Bin Che Lah @ Abdullah (Student)
    • Nur Syazana Binti Fauzi (Student)

Project summary:
Microalgae grow extremely rapidly and contain significant quantities of fat and oil with compositions similar or far more superior to those of vegetable oil. Under certain stress conditions, microalgae have been reported to contain up to 80% of the dry weight as lipid. More interestingly, the lipids of many microalgae species are rich in essential fatty acids such as linoleic (C18:2n6) and -linolenic (C18:3n3) acids. Nutrient (e.g. nitrate) starvation, salinity and light intensity stress are among major factors that influence the accumulation of oil in microalgae. These factors have been extensively studied for the past few decades in many species of microalgae. However, there is lack of study on the transcriptome of these microalgae cultured under different culture conditions. Thus, the ultimate aim of this research is to use RNA-Seq technology to obtain the transcriptome of selected microalgae under high-oil production and nutrient-induced culture conditions. From the transcriptome data, oil-inducible and nutrient-inducible genes will be identified and their respective promoter will be characterized. This project is expected to generate immense microalgae transcriptome data and knowledge related to oil production and fatty acid biosynthesis in microalgae.

Related Photos

Group 8

PROJECT LEADER

Name:Prof. Dr Mohd Kushairi Mohd Rajuddin
Designation:Lecturer/Researcher
Affiliation:Laboratory for Marine Bio-Optical Observation, Faculty of Engineering and Life Sciences, UNISEL Malaysia
Field of Expertise:Ecology and Sustainable Development
Email:rkushairi@gmail.com

PROJECT TITLE: ESTABLISHMENT OF SOIL EXTRACTION TECHNIQUES FROM VARIOUS SOIL TYPES IN MALAYSIA TO ENHANCE TARGETED ALGAE GROWTH

Group members’ name:
Prof. (E) Dato’ Dr Abdul Latif Ibrahim (Advisor)
Prof. Dr Sharr Azni Harmin (Research coordinator)
Dr Nobuyuki Kawasaki (Group leader)
Dr Nor Suhaila Yaacob (Group leader)
Dr Dzulkarnain Ahmad (Group leader)
Dr Fridelina Sjahrir
Dr Maegala Maniyam
Dr Saibah Siregar
Emi Fazlina Hashim
Che’ Manisah Mohd Kasim
Mohd Fadzli Ahmad
Hasnu Rizal Zakaria
Sulaiman Abdul Haq Hazman

Project summary:
It has been long known that soil extracts could enhance microalgal growth. The detailed mechanisms how soil extracts enhance microgal growth, however, have not studied well. In this study, we try to collect various soil types from Peninsular Malaysia, extract these soils with different extraction conditions. Then, the extracts are going to be added to microalgal media to examine if they would enhance microalgal growth. Besides the growth enhancement test, the chemical compositions of soil extracts with/without the enhancement will be compared so that the essential components of soil extracts which contribute to the enhancement of microalgal growth could be determined. The fractionation techniques which divide soil extracts into different chemical groups will also be examined, and each fraction will be added to microalgal media to examine if certain fraction(s) could show the enhancement of microalgal growth.